3 May 2018. Eyeing a better ranking, the government has vowed a clean-up. According to UNHCR, the UN’s refugee agency, as of 2013 there were at least three million migrant workers in … Children from Thailand, Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are victims of sex trafficking in brothels, massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and private residences. • Increase collaboration with local civil society organizations in migrant worker assistance centers, post-arrival centers, and government shelters, including in the provision of services to victims. Implementation of identification procedures by MDTs continued to be inconsistent, especially outside major cities. Civil society organizations noted inconsistent interview practices, inspections conducted without interpreters, and inspection practices that enabled owners, captains, or brokers to determine which workers reported exploitation to inspectors, thereby deterring workers from revealing information due to fears of retaliation. In 2018, the government conducted 259 labor inspections at on-land seafood processing workplaces and found 88 cases of labor law violations. A 12-year-old boy sitting under a tree told me American … The Royal Ordinance on Management of Migrant Workers, which took effect in March 2018, required employers to provide workers a copy of their employment contracts and to cover costs (excluding personal expenses such as passports, medical checks, and work permits) associated with bringing migrant workers to Thailand and back to their home countries when employment ends, such as recruitment fees and transportation costs. Some are paid little or irregularly, incur debts from brokers and employers, work as much as 18 to 20 hours per day for seven days a week, and without adequate food, water or medical supplies. Such practices deterred victims and advocates from reporting abuses to authorities. In 2018, the anti-money laundering office (AMLO) issued restraint and seizure orders for assets worth more than 509 million baht ($15.73 million) in trafficking cases, compared to 14 million baht ($432,770) in 2017. The government allocated 3.6 million baht ($111,280) to TATIP and 11.84 million ($366,000) to TICAC, compared to 9 million baht ($278,210) allocated to TICAC in 2017. However, observers reported inadequate options for vocational training and work offered in shelters. Thailand's sex industry is a human trafficking destination. MSDHS employed 251 interpreters, but government shelters often lacked sufficient numbers of interpreters, which weakened their ability to provide adequate services to victims, particularly psychological care. “Human trafficking and slavery are against the law in Thailand. Some highlight sex exploitation, while another shows a child begging under a separate campaign called "Can You See Me?". "There are certain people who believe you should separate prostitution from trafficking, saying one is work and the other is slavery," says Bien-Aime. Lucky for Some: Chinese City Launches Wind Power Lottery to Ease Grid Strains. A growing number of countries around the world are turning to the tourism sector to help combat human trafficking, including training frontline hotel and airline staff to spot the signs. The Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission referred seven officials to prosecutors, of which the government initiated four prosecutions. MSDHS introduced the use of victim impact statements in courts to assist in obtaining compensation and in 2018 six victims filed statements. There has also been a rise of "advocacy tourism", where holiday-makers sign up for travel packages to learn about issues like modern slavery. Through government-to-government formal migration channels, the government assisted 28,820 Thais to obtain employment abroad in 2018, including by providing job placement assistance. According to the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, Thailand is a “top destination for victims of human trafficking.” The majority of Thailand’s trafficking victims are voluntary economic migrants from countries like Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and China.They come only for the promise of a good job. Thai authorities held bilateral meetings with neighboring countries to facilitate information sharing and evidence gathering in trafficking cases. The government employed 84 language coordinators (74 in 2017) and 69 interpreters (74 in 2017) in 2018. The Australia-based group is training hotel staff in the seaside resort of Pattaya - a hotspot for sex tourism - on how to spot trafficking signs. MSDHS operated a unit under its anti-trafficking division to provide victims legal assistance and file compensation claims and developed guidelines to enhance the efficacy of filing such claims. Jordan Clark's 2005 documentary Falang: Behind Bangkok's Smile takes a rather critical view of sex tourism in Thailand. The Longman Dictionary of English Language and Culture (1993) once … The Southeast Asian nation is consistently ranked as one of the world's best tourists destinations. Prostitution flourished especially after the abolishment of slavery in 1905 as former slave wives under the feudal system found themselves alone and without financial support. Members of ethnic minorities, highland persons, and stateless persons in Thailand have experienced instances of abuse indicative of trafficking. Authorities did not consistently identify male child victims, which resulted in some being sent to immigration detention facilities or treated as law violators, rather than being offered victim services. Section 33 of Thailand’s Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, B.E. Is your seafood a product of forced labor and trafficking? To discourage child sex tourism, the government coordinated with foreign governments to deny entry to known sex offenders, and produced and displayed a video discouraging child sex tourism in Thai airports and on Thai airline flights. The government made efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. Labor traffickers subject Thai, Burmese, Cambodian, Vietnamese, and Indonesian men and boys to forced labor on Thai and foreign-owned fishing boats. At Thai airports, banners greet visitors with warnings that human trafficking could "destroy" the country. MOL officers screened the travel documents of departing Thai workers at border checkpoints and denied their departure if they deemed the documentation suspicious. The OAG required all prosecutors to expedite the submission of trafficking cases to the Courts of Justice. The government reported investigating only 43 cases of forced labor—including six cases of trafficking in the fishing sector—compared to 47 in 2017 and 83 in 2016. Thai law permitted foreign trafficking victims and witnesses to stay and work in Thailand for up to two years upon the completion of legal proceedings against their traffickers; however, the government did not report if any victims received this benefit during the reporting period. Most victims of human trafficking in Thailand are, in fact, of Thai nationality – The majority of trafficking victims identified in Thailand are Thai nationals, trafficked both domestically and internationally. The Prime Minister oversaw the government’s anti-trafficking efforts through the Supervisory Policy Committee on Addressing Trafficking in Persons and Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing. Labor inspectors working in PIPO teams verified crew lists using biometric data and worker interviews. CCCIF implemented a system to inspect vessels based on risk assessments and reported it inspected all vessels placed in the “high-risk” category, as well as a percentage of medium- and low-risk vessels. Nonetheless, NGOs reported MSDHS did not consistently staff hotlines with interpreters. A UN report found the median monthly wage for seasonal agricultural workers was 6,000 baht ($185), which was below the minimum wage in Thailand, which ranged from 8,008-8,580 baht ($248-$265) per month. In addition, 14 provincial employment offices provided training, including on trafficking risks, to 4,624 Thai workers prior to their overseas employment. Thailand rescued a record 1,807 victims of human trafficking last year, according to data that campaigners on Monday said raised concerns about the nation’s ability to support survivors. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Thailand remained on Tier 2. It is a destination-side hub of exploitation in the Greater Mekong Sub-region, for both sex and labour exploitation. Ich schrecke aus dem Schlaf, weil ich das Geräusch eines Schlüssels in der Tür höre. Only victims who received permission to work outside shelters could leave the shelter on a regular basis for work. Consequently, before they were physically or psychologically prepared to undergo the MDT identification process, victims frequently sought temporary care from NGOs, rather than government agencies. "We are doing our best," he said. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Employers reportedly convinced Thai law enforcement to bring criminal charges against exploited workers for theft when workers attempted to leave or change jobs. The government continued to grant citizenship to stateless persons in 2018. TRAFFICKING UNDER THE VEIL OF SEX TOURISM IN THAILAND – REACTIONS OF THE EU Izlaganje na znanstvenom skupu UDK: 343.431(5-12) 343.544(5-12) Zrinka Gugić, PhD student University of Osijek PhD School for Social Sciences and Humanities HUMAN TRAFFICKING UNDER THE VEIL OF SEX TOURISM IN THAILAND – REACTIONS OF THE EU Abstract : The statistics shows that considering the … MSDHS coordinated with TATIP to train multidisciplinary team (MDT) participants as victim specialists to improve victim identification and evidence collection. • Increase efforts to ensure employers provide workers copies of contracts in a language they understand. The government utilized administrative punishments against some suspected complicit officials, such as suspensions or transfers to new positions, rather than subjecting them to criminal prosecutions; the government expelled seven officials suspected of complicity from government service in 2018 but only reported initiating prosecutions against three. 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