caroliniana) is found from Oklahoma to North Carolina and south to Florida. Wetland Status. It is the northernmost basswood species. The branches are slender, somewhat pendulous, comparatively small and numerous, forming a broad and rounded head. Also, take a close look at the twigs and you will see them zigzag between oval buds with one or two bud scales. Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. heterophylla) is found from Missouri to Alabama. The tree will often support several trunks off its base, will prolifically sprout from stumps, and is a great seeder. The best dead limbs are ones that have been dead for a week or two. The American basswood is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree reaching a height of 18 to 37 m (60 to 120 ft) exceptionally 39 m (128 ft) with a trunk diameter of 1–1.5 m (3–5 ft) at maturity. This tree should not be confused with the non-native urban basswood called little leaf linden or Tilia cordata. In fact, in some parts of its range basswood is known as the bee-tree, and can even be identified by the honey bee traffic.Â. Identification: This is a fast-growing, deciduous, hardwood tree. Basswood. As an ornamental it develops into a dense, oval to oblong shaped crown which provides good shade. American Basswood Fruits. The leaves of basswood are alternately arranged, heart-shaped with unequal bases, coarsely toothed, and 3-6 inches in length. Bark is an important clue in identifying tree It grows faster than many North American hardwoods, often twice the annual growth rate of American beech and many birch species. It is native through out southeastern Canada and most of the eastern United States; it is found in every county in Iowa. Bark, silhouettes and buds are the three keys to identifying trees in winter. American Elm is especially susceptible to Dutch elm disease, and was ravaged by the fungal disease in the second half of the twentieth century. General description— They tend to have fast growth and longevity and their leaves are known for their distinct heart … Buds of different tree species are so distinctive they are an excellent identification tool. NO. The wood is very light, soft, easily worked, and almost white in color. Also found in protected bluffs and ravines; found throughout Iowa. Average Dried Weight: 26 lbs/ft 3 (415 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.32, .42. The bark is light or silvery gray, and smooth or finely ridged on branches and young trunks. This plant has no children Legal Status. Natural History: Lifespan— a few hundred years. American linden, or also known as American basswood is a medium to large tree, typically 60-100 feet tall at maturity with a rounded crown. American Basswood Twig Variations - Photos by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach Edible fruit/nut tree? Trees can provide a survivor with elements from all four core survival priorities: Shelter, Water, Fire and Food. ", American Basswood Flowers - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Image cropped. Tilia americana L. var. American basswood Legal Status. The basswood grows chiefly in the mountains, where it is a common and valuable timber tree. The crown is domed, the branches spreading, often pendulous. Basswood's asymmetrical and lopsided heart-shaped leaf is the largest of all broadleaf trees, nearly as wide as it is long at between 5 and 8 inches. Images of a American linden tree. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. The heartwood of basswood is not resistant to decay, so that old trees in the woods are likely to be hollow, thus providing cavities and nesting locations for many species of wildlife. Latin (scientific) name: Tilia americana. All rights reserved. The forest-products industry lumps the four native North American basswood species together in the marketplace, for there are few differences between them, except where they grow. It peels readily from the tree and is easy to work with. Native. Basswood (Tilia americana) Return to our Trees of Canada resource here: Trees of Canada → Type. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. Large individuals can reach 90 ′ … americana, occurs in a few Mountain counties. It is an important timber tree in the Great Lakes states. Basswood Tree Identification. The basswood's small greenish flowers are uniquely attached and hanging under a pale, leaflike bract. The fast-growing American basswood is among the largest trees of eastern and central North America. Site Requirements: American basswood grow from full sun to dense shade and prefers moist well drained soils. The leaves turn light yellow to brown in the fall. Basswood can grow in sites ranging from nutrient-poor, rocky ridges as high as 4,900 feet in elevation to well-drained low woodlands, growing best in hardwood hammocks and moist, well-drained, loamy (fine-textured) soils of river floodplains and wetland areas. American linden tree identification. Basswoods are highly adaptable to soil conditions. As a member of the Linden Family, it is related to the other Lindens. Basswood's asymmetrical and lopsided heart-shaped leaf is the largest of all broadleaf trees, nearly as wide as it is long at between 5 and 8 inches. The stately appearance of American Basswood makes it a favorite shade tree for large areas, such as parks and aboreta. North America; Arid West: FACU Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain ... AL-Plant Identification (Auburn University Horticulture) (TIAM) CT-University of Connecticul Plant Database (TIAM) FL-Floridata Plant Profile (TIAM) It grows to a height of 50–70 feet and a diameter of 2–3 feet. American Basswood Bark: "American Linden bark detail" by MONGO, licensed under the public domain. The average height of the American linden ranges from 60 to 125 feet, with the tree attaining a rounded form with a canopy of spreading branches. Basswood makes a handsome, moderately fast growing shade tree but is not used as extensively as some of the European species of lindens. American Basswood (Tilia americana L.) The American basswood also is known as American linden, white-wood, linn or beetree. Carolina basswood (var. Leaves are up to 6 inches long and wide, leathery and may have tiny tufts of “hair” along the veins. Its non-showy, fragrant flowers appear in late May or June and attract large numbers of bees which produce a distinctive tasting honey which is sometimes sold separately as "basswood honey. American basswood is native to the Chicago area and is often used as a specimen or dense shade tree. American Basswood - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Basswood bark makes excellent strong cordage. The flowers are small, creamy-white and aromatic. Distribution: Eastern North America. American Basswood Trees: A Desirable Wood and Landscape Tree, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, How to Identify Common North American Trees, Aspen Tree - The Most Common Broadleaf Tree in Western North American, Identification of the Most Common Hardwoods, How to Identify the Common Black Walnut Tree, A Complete Fall Color and Autumn Leaf Viewing Guide, How to Identify Maple, Sycamore, Yellow-Poplar, and Sweetgum Leaves, Identify Common Major Hickory Species in North America, The 5 Most Common North American Maple Trees, Using Tree Anatomy and Physiology for Identification, Observing a Tree: Understand a Tree at a Deeper Level, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Basswood Tree Identification Basswood's asymmetrical and lopsided heart-shaped leaf is the largest of all broadleaf trees, nearly as wide as it is long at between 5 and 8 inches. American Basswood (Tilia americana) is known for the alluring scent and abundant nectar of its flowers, as well as its lightweight, odorless wood which lends itself to the production of food crates and boxes, musical instrument parts, yard sticks and cabinets. When found in the open, it may reach 80 feet tall by 40 feet wide, with its lower limbs pendulous but upswept at the tips. Bark from dead Basswood limbs provides the best material. American basswood is a large and rapid-growing tree of eastern and central North America. Basswood Thrips United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Area NA-FR-01-92 The introduced basswood thrips, Thrips calcaratus, is a recently recognized defoliator of American basswood in the Lake States. White basswood (var. Other common names: American linden, basswood, American Basswood. Deciduous. American Basswood, also known as American Linden, ( Tilia americana) has plump, oval, asymmetrical reddish or green buds, which bear only one or two bud scales. American Linden) is a large forest tree found throughout most of Minnesota's rich forest areas, though most predominant in central and south eastern woodlands, and is an important member of the Maple-Basswood forests of the area. Basswood flowers produce an abundance of nectar from which choice honey is made. Virens (Latin for greening)/Flickr/CC BY 2.0. One particular habit of the Basswood is to produce sprouts, especially after the main tree dies. The rich green upper side of the leaf is in contrast to the underleaf's paler green to almost-white color. Image cropped. The rich green upper side of the leaf is in contrast to the underleaf's paler green to almost-white color. (2) The southerly distributed Carolina Basswood, var. Basswood is a large, (70-80 feet in height), wide-spreading, round-topped tree with dense foliage. Some of its common associates include hard maples, red oak, bitternut hickory, black walnut, elms, hackberry, ashes, and Kentucky coffeetree. Other common names: American linden, basswood, American Basswood. Whether considered as a single species (American basswood) with multiple varieties or several species, the bass tree is quite recognizable by leaf, fruit and overall shape. Click on the images help you identify an American basswood. Habitat: Grows on moist upland woods and slopes. American basswood occurs from the most northern to the most southern portions of the eastern United States and as far west as North Dakota. It exists only scattered in pockets throughout Europe and eastern North America. The genus is generally called Lime or Linden in Britain and Linden, Lime, or Basswood in North America but they are not closely related to the lime fruit. Related Links. American basswood is a medium-sized tree with small, horizontal, often drooping branches forming a broad, rounded head. Often you will find a clump of basswood sprouts of varying sizes, many of which get large enough to harvest. Other Common Names/Trade Names: American linden. The resulting seeds are in a hard, dry, hairy, nutlike fruit, which is quite visible during the fruiting season. Wildlife Habitat Programs and Consultation, Alternate, simple, double-toothed with unequal leaf bases. It grows faster than many North American hardwoods, often twice the annual growth rate of American Beech and many birch species. 339 Science II Tilia is a genus within the Linden family (Tiliacea). The most common name for the tree in North America is American basswood (Tilia americana), but there are several varieties with separate names. It grows on a wide variety of sites but does best on moist upland sites, on sheltered north and east facing slopes along river and stream drainages. Scientific Name: Tilia americana. It reaches heights of 70 to 80 feet or more and diameters of 2 to 3 feet. The genus occurs in Europe and eastern North America, but the greatest species diversity is found in Asia. Wetland Status. Trees can be used for warmth, hydration, food, tools, and self-defense. It is short lived compared to most of its associated trees; but it grows fast and sprouts readily from the base of trunks, forming characteristic clumps of several stems. Wood identification. Tilia americana, of the northern Great Lakes states, provides most of the basswood … Basswood has a very distinct fruit; it is an open cluster of hard nutlets borne on a stem which comes from the center of a narrow elliptical, life-like wing. American basswood is an important timber tree, especially in the Great Lakes States. In Minnesota mature trees are usually 50 ′ to 70 ′ tall and up to 36 ″ in diameter at breast height. Leaves: Alternate, simple, double-toothed with unequal leaf bases, Seed Dispersal Dates: September and October. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. Tilia is a beautiful, large and long-lived tree. Scientific Name: Tilia americana. This family contains about 30 species of trees that are native throughout most of temperate Northern Hemisphere. The greatest species diversity of the lindens is found in Asia. Trees provide an immeasurable number of materials essential to survival, and studying the different species, as well as … American Basswood (a.k.a. The American Basswood is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree reaching a height of 60 to 120 ft. with a trunk diameter of 3–5 ft. at maturity. Of the numerous and confusing varieties of American Basswood that have been named, three are currently recognized: (1) The more northerly American Basswood, var. It rises on a single or often two or more stems, usually from suckers. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. Other names: American linden. It has large leaves (up to 6 inches) that are ovate in shape, and dark green with acuminate tips, serrate margins, and uneven cordate bases. 134 AMERICAN BASSWOOD A B Tilia americana L. A merican basswood or linden occurs as scattered specimens throughout the state. On older trunks, the bark breaks into long, medium ridges and furrows, dark gray to almost black in color. American Basswood Leaves - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. General Natural Range: North Dakota and Manitoba eastward to Maine and New Brunswick. Any longer and the bark will have dried out a lot. Life expectancy is around 200 years, with flowering and seeding generally occurring between 15 and 100 years, though occasionally seed production may start as early as 8 years. Its leaves are the largest of any of the native Basswoods. Pioneers dubbed … The American basswood ( Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. Basswood is valued for its wood which is soft, light and easily worked wood, particularly for turned items and hand carving. The trees are sometimes called "lime" in Britain and "linden" in parts of Europe and North America. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. caroliniana (listed in the Radford manual as both T. caroliniana and T. floridana), is occasional in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont. Common English name: Basswood. Tilia americana is the northernmost basswood species. Status. One of the attractive aspects of the tree is the dark green color of its foliage during spring and summer; the fall color is usually another shade of green or a faded yellow. Uses: Wood carving, lower grade lumber, toys, molds, etc. Tree Size: 65-120 ft (20-37 m) tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter. The rich green upper side of the leaf is in contrast to the underleaf's paler green to almost-white color. Leaves: Alternate, broadly ovate, coarsely saw-toothed, notched at the base. It consists of long interwoven fibres that form an interlocking weave. Its heart-shaped leaves and fragrant flowers in June make it especially attractive for people, while songbirds and blue jays are attracted to its seeds and use the tree for shelter. The best dead limbs are ones that have been dead for a week or two. Interpreting Wetland Status. American Basswood Fruit - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Basswood is the favorite tree of both honeybees and beekeepers. Common Name(s): Basswood, American Basswood, Lime, Linden. Its other common name is American Linden. Interpreting Wetland Status. The leaf of the linden is much smaller than basswood and typically, it is a much smaller tree. Identifying Tilia americana by leaf, bark, flowers, fruit and shape. The leaves have a heart shape, are as long as 5 1/2 inches, as wide as 3 inches and have serrated edges. americana – American basswood Subordinate Taxa. It’s crazy to think that one can use a tree to start a fire, take shelter under it, and then find themselves able to eat and drink from it. Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees. Names. Basswood leaves are coarsely serrated with pointed teeth and are often heart-shaped. The basswood tree is a North American representative of the linden genus, widespread in the Northern Hemisphere. Pioneers dubbed it "bastwood" leading to its common name of today. American Basswood Leaves: " American basswood (Tilia americana) " by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org, licensed under CC BY-NC 3.0 License. Form Height 60' to 80', diameter 12" to 36"; trunk often continues straight into top of dense rounded crown. Twigs are light brown to gray in color with prominent, plump, bluntly pointed, dark red buds. Seed Stratification: Scarification of hard seed coat via mechanical or acid wash, Warm stratification at 65°F to 85°F for 1 month followed by 5-8 months of chilled stratification at 35°F to 40°F. Mature Height: This is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree reaching a height of 60 to 120 ft (exceptionally 129 ft) with a trunk diameter of 3–4 ft at maturity. It is one of the favorite woods for the wood carver; in addition the wood is used for frames of honeycombs, boxes for other foods and fruits, crates, barrels, venetian blinds, slats and veneer for hidden parts of cabinets and furniture. The tree frequently has two or more trunks and vigorously sprouts from stumps as well as seed. Best Characteristics for Identification: Boundary parenchyma and noded rays. 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