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Shoot and fruit borer is the most serious pest of brinjal. Resistance to organophophates is also becoming prevalent in Canada [6, 7]. 1). Effect of selected botanicals on brinjal yield, Table 5. <>/Metadata 225 0 R/ViewerPreferences 226 0 R>> Several plant extracts were evaluated against obliquebanded leafroller larvae to determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects. Percent of fruit infestation was minimum in V4 (BARI begun-6) (25.16%, 27.42% and 25.40% at three stages respectively). endobj Between the two species the per cent parasitism was higher in T. chilonis compared to T. evanescens, i.e., 68.0 and 75.6 per cent, and 55.9 and 72.6 per cent in dosages @ 100000 and 150000/ha, respectively. An experiment was conducted at Research Field of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh from November 2011 to June 2012 to study the effect of plant extracts for the management of brinjal (Singhnath) shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) following Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Benefit Cost Ratio of brinjal production, Means followed by common letter(s) in a colu, of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) to en. The responses are estimated as losses of 26–29% for soybean, wheat and cotton, and 31, 37 and 40% for maize, rice and potatoes, respectively. India is bestowed with vast diversity of flora, fauna, soil and agro climatic conditions. 2 0 obj Host range Brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas. Among biotic factors, eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) is considered by far the most damaging pest of eggplant (Taylo et al., 2016). Among crops, the total global potential loss due to pests varied from about 50% in wheat to more than 80% in cotton production. Shoot and fruit borer, is the most destructive pest of brinjal. 4 0 obj This indicates that Karate had adverse effects on beneficial insects in the garden egg ecosystem. P. 319. Two main aspects of botanical pesticides , one search and exploitation of new botanicals as pesticides including isolation, identification and evaluation of the active components and another use of botanicals in agriculture in different forms like direct spray applications of the various plant materials, soil amendments for different plant parts, intercropping of biologically active plants with the main crop, botanical grain protectants, use of botanical based synthetic pesticidal formulations and also use of botanicals as synergists/ binders for synthetic pesticides. Physiological re-sistance to other broad-spectrum insecticides and newer chemistries such as insect growth regulators has been also identified for several compounds including chlorpyrifos, esfenvalerate, and tebufenozide [4, 8]. Significantly fewer (p < 0.05) numbers of predators mainly ants and ladybird beetles were collected from plants treated with Karate compared to either ANSE- or Biobit- treated plots. At times, entire crops can be lost. Among the plant products, neem oil was the best treatment both in Kharif (60.20 %) and Rabi (59.91 %) followed by Nimbecidine (57.42 %). Brinjal (Solanum melongena . Insects from seven major orders (Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Odonata, Orthoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera and Hymenoptera) were found associated with the local garden egg. insecticides and one chemical viz; cypermethrin 25 EC (0.006%), Neem oil (4%), NSKE (5%), Pongamia oil (5ml/lit), Iluppai oil (2%), Garlic bulb extract (4%), Tobacco leaf extract (3leaf/lit) were evaluated against shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. Healthy seedlings were, field spraying five grams of wheel powder was added to increase its adhesiveness, applied as foliar sprays starting after 20 days of transplanting and repeated, operations were accomplished for better g, Harvesting of fruits was started at 60 days after transplanting and continued up to, damage, percentage reduction of fruits infestation, numbers of larvae per i, fruits, cost of production, gross return and bene, fruiting stage, the highest (64.44%) percent shoot infestation reduction over, lowest (27.63%) in the garlic extract applied p, Table 1. However, pesticide use has enabled farmers to modify production systems and to increase crop productivity without sustaining the higher losses likely to occur from an increased susceptibility to the damaging effect of pests. The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. (Biobit), a synthetic insecticide (Karate 2.5 EC) and an untreated control (water only). Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) extracts have demonstrated potency in scavenging reactive oxygen species that are implicated in many human diseases. An overview is given on different types of crop losses as well as on various methods of pest control developed during the last century. of Brinjal causing losses up to 65%. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. The concept of integrated pest/crop management includes a threshold concept for the application of pest control measures and reduction in the amount/frequency of pesticides applied to an economically and ecologically acceptable level. Response of different aubergine cultivars against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee.) ADVERTISEMENTS: Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer (Leucinodes Orbonalis): Distribution, Life Cycle and Control! 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